Waste Management

Waste Management

Waste management or waste disposal encompasses all the activities and actions that are required to manage waste right from its inception to its final disposal. Apart from other things, this includes collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste together with monitoring and regulation. The activity also encompasses the legal and regulatory framework that relates to waste management encompassing guidance on its recycling.

Waste can emerge as solid, liquid, or gas and each may have different methods of disposal and
management. Waste management typically deals with every type of waste whether it was created in
forms that are industrial, biological, household, and even special cases where it may pose a threat to
human health. Waste is produced due to human activity like when factories extract and process raw
materials. The act of waste management is intended to reduce the adverse effects of waste on health,
the environment or aesthetics.


The concept of ‘Recycling’ revolves around a resource recovery practice that refers to the collection and
reuse of waste materials such as empty beverage containers. Here, the materials from which the items
are made can be reprocessed into new products.


Biological reprocessing
Recoverable materials which are organic in nature, like plant material, food scraps, and paper products,
can be reclaimed through composting and digestion processes to decompose the organic matter. The
accruing organic material is then recycled as mulch or compost for agricultural or landscaping uses.

Energy recovery
Energy recovery from waste can be defined as the conversion of non-recyclable waste materials into
usable heat, electricity, or fuel through a variety of processes, including combustion, gasification,
pyrolyzation, anaerobic digestion, and landfill gas recovery.

Pyrolysis is referred to the process generally used to convert various types of domestic and industrial
residues into a recovered fuel. Different types of waste input (like plant waste, food waste, tyres) placed
in the pyrolysis process in all likelihood yields an alternative to fossil fuels.

Resource recovery
Resource recovery is said to mean the systematic diversion of waste intended for disposal, for a specific
next use. In other words, it is the processing of recyclables to extract or recover materials and resources,
or convert them to energy.

The management of waste happens to be a key component in a business’ ability to maintain ISO14001
accreditation. The standard encourages companies to improve their environmental efficiencies every
year by eliminating their waste through resource recovery practices.

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