Organic Farming

Organic Farming

Arising in the early years of the 20 th century, organic farming is an alternate system of agricultural production that came up as a counteraction to the fast changing farming practices. Today, the concept and practices of organic farming continues to grow strongly under the patronage of several upfront organic agricultural organizations.

Reliance on fertilizers of organic origin like compost manure, green manure, and bone meal and emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting is the core highlight of this method of farming to grow organic food. Apart from this, biological pest control, mixed cropping and the fostering of insect predators are also fostered. Broadly, allowing the use of naturally occurring substances and prohibiting or strictly limiting the use of synthetic substances, is what constitutes the basics of organic standards of farming.

Organic farming makes a strong pitch for crop diversity. As revealed in the science of agroecology, there are several benefits of polyculture (multiple crops in the same space), which is often employed in organic farming.

Relying heavily on the natural breakdown of organic matter, organic farming uses sustainable farming techniques like green manure and composting to replace nutrients taken from the soil by previous crops.

Organic weed management endorses weed suppression, instead of weed elimination, by way of enhancing crop competition and phytotoxic effects on weeds.

In addition to core agricultural activities, organic farms also strives to provide animals with their natural living conditions and feed.

Rejection of genetically engineered plants and animals is another key characteristic of organic farming.

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